The transportation rules of the ADA protect people with disabilities from discrimination in public transportation by organizations covered under Titles II and III of the Act. This includes both publicly-and privately-owned transportation operations. It includes the transportation operations of organizations whose primary function is providing transportation services, as well as those that provide transportation services as an incidental part of their other business functions.
The Access Board developed the guidelines for accessible vehicles that are incorporated in the Department of Transportation ADA regulations, 49 CFR Part 38. The Board provides technical assistance on the design features that must be incorporated in vehicles required to be accessible by the DOT regulation. Policy and operational issues, including the requirements for complementary paratransit, are covered by the DOT regulation.
The Board has developed a series of technical manuals, one for each of the transportation modes (e.g., buses, vans, light rail, and rapid rail) covered by the ADA. Each manual states the requirement, followed by explanatory text.
The Department of Transportation (DOT), (scroll to DOT info) through the Federal Transit Administration enforces the provisions of ADA Titles II and III for all programs, services, and regulatory activities relating to transportation, including highways, public transportation, traffic management (non-law enforcement), automobile licensing and inspection, and driver licensing. The Architectural and Transportation Barriers Compliance Board issued minimum guidelines for accessibility of new of remodeled transportation facilities and new vehicles.
More Information about ADA and Transportation
• Transportation Vehicle Guidelines
• DOT Regulation
• Accessibility Guidelines for Transportation FAQs
• Federal Contacts